As of Friday, South African employers are required to protect their staff against a wide range of bullying behaviour, from gestures that threaten violence right through to certain types of facial expressions.

Through publication in the Government Gazette, labour minister Thulas Nxesi replaced a 2005 code on dealing with sexual harassment at work with a much broader approach, the Code of Good Practice on the Prevention and Elimination of Harassment in the Workplace. It was first put out for public comment in 2020, and is now immediately in effect.